Since the early 2000s, the Israeli West Bank barrier has been a constant presence in the country, separating Israel and Palestine with the stated purpose of acting as a barrier against terrorists, but to some symbolizing existing divisions between people in the region. In WALL, a feature-length animated film directed by award-winning Calgary filmmaker Cam Christiansen and written by and starring British playwright David Hare, those divisions and the psychology of separation are examined on a philosophical level.
“WALL follows our main character, David Hare, who also wrote the screenplay. He stars as an animated character and it follows his journey through Israel and the West Bank,” Christiansen said. “It’s a sad statement that you feel you have to put up walls. So he’s trying to understand, how did it come to this?”
Christiansen said he was focused on trying to portray both sides of the debate surrounding the barrier, telling people that as a Canadian filmmaker and outside observer he had “no axe to grind.”
“I tried to make it really clear that we’re outsiders coming to try and understand the situation. We have tried to show both sides and I think David Hare did an absolutely exceptional job navigating a really difficult terrain,” he said. “I’ve been all over the world with the film and I initially was completely worried. But the reaction has been the complete opposite. I have had people complain about the idea of fairness and balance, but it’s very much in the minority.”
Though the West Bank barrier has remained highly controversial in the region for nearly two decades, its lasting impact has been complex and is near impossible to understand if one is only exposed to intermittent reporting and occasional sound bites. Christiansen said WALL was an opportunity to approach the subject at an intellectual level.
“The Israel-Palestine conflict doesn’t fit into a sound bite,” he said. “The film doesn’t (solve the conflict), but I think it does offer insights through really high-level discussion.”
Some of those insights come through discussions with prominent Israeli authors, such as David Grossman, who was awarded the 2017 Man Booker International Prize for his novel A Horse Walks Into a Bar.
“(Grossman) is so poetic and thoughtful and he offers a really unique perspective that’s actually very pro-Israel, but I think a very unique perspective,” Christiansen said. “He is willing to accept that there is vulnerability in his point of view. Whereas often in these conflicts, there’s this kind of saber-rattling that happens where both sides feel like they can’t give an inch because it undermines their position.”
Other academics on the other side of the debate also help to humanize what often becomes an abstract concept of division, Christiansen said. Though the film deals with thorny issues such as land ownership and United Nations resolutions, Christiansen said there was a specific effort made to personalize the struggles of the human beings affected by this physical installation.
Christiansen said he was also cognizant of the parallels between the West Bank barrier and various other international conflicts and situations. When the project began, the filmmakers were unsure whether its long production cycle would eventually undermine its relevance.
“It was the most amazing thing that the world just went the absolute opposite direction than in the way you would hope it would go,” Christiansen said. “All the problems with immigration, the rise of nationalism all across the world. The film became more and more relevant and it couldn’t be more relevant now.”
WALL boasts a unique aesthetic style, one that Christiansen said was partly inspired by graphic novels and was supported by the National Film Board of Canada.
“I like an occasional superhero film, but you don’t have a sense of authorship (in terms of) who made that film,” Christiansen said. “There’s not an artistic thumbprint or impression that is really distinct. So I really like that idea and wanted to try to give the aesthetic an impression that it was made by a person.
“I tried to (use) really broad brush strokes, so it’s really messy. It goes with the subject matter – it’s really raw and messy, just to really give it a distinct authorship.”
Christiansen said that those interested in a high-level discussion surrounding the Israel-Palestine conflict would find WALL illuminating.
“There are many bright minds who have tried to solve the Israel-Palestine conflict and have failed dismally. But the more you can learn about it the better, so I think the film does offer some new insights,” Christiansen said. “Plus, they describe (Hare) as the greatest living playwright, so you know you’re in incredibly good hands on a word level.”
WALL screens at the Globe Cinema in Calgary with a Q&A with Christiansen on August 17, 2018. The film is also scheduled to screen August 17 at Cinémathèque québécoise in Montreal and at the Vancity Theatre in Vancouver. For more information, click here.
Honey Bee is a revealing look at human trafficking in Canada
Honey Bee director Rama Rau may be known to Canadian audiences mostly due to her acclaimed work in documentary, including League of Exotique Dancers (2015) and No Place to Hide (2015) – the former profiling aging burlesque dancers and the latter taking a focus on the world of cyberbullying.
But though Honey Bee marks Rau’s narrative feature debut, her instincts honed in documentary filmmaking remain essential, as much of the film is shot as though it were a documentary feature.
“I think that was key in telling the story, for me,” Rau said. “The actors were never acting – they were always in that state.”
Much of the film’s dramatic power is supplied by lead actress Julia Sarah Stone, who plays Natalie, an underage truck stop sex-worker on a journey of survival.
“She was literally the crux of the film. She was everything,” Rau said. “When I saw her audition, and I looked at a lot of auditions, I really wanted her to be in my film.”
Rau spoke with The Mutt about Stone, transitioning from documentary filmmaking and the too-infrequently discussed prevalence of human trafficking in Canada. This interview has been edited and condensed for length.
THE MUTT: So tell me about Honey Bee.
RAMA RAU: It’s about a girl groomed from the foster home system and put into a human trafficking ring. She thinks the person grooming her is her boyfriend. That’s how they get young girls from the foster care system in Canada. Then, she’s caught in a police raid and sent to a farm and the movie really begins there, her coming to terms with what has happened. A lot of it is her finding herself.
TM: What were your first thoughts when you initially read the script?
RR: I was a bit shocked, to be honest. I was stunned that these things happen in Canada. I wondered if I wanted this to be my debut feature. But it’s never frightened me to go into the underbelly of society. But films have the power to open up areas that we don’t normally talk about. I also said as a woman director I can bring a certain perspective to it. And I found my way into the story, and said, “This is how I’m going to do it, and if you’re OK with it, I’m happy to work on this film.”
TM: What were those specific elements you wanted to bring to the film?
RR: I knew I wanted it to be totally told from the perspective of Natalie, from her POV. I knew I wanted it to be a very personal film. In documentary, we use handheld cameras a lot. We literally run behind our characters. I wanted that sense of urgency in this film. We kind of blurred the lines between fiction and fact. I wanted to go so deep into the story, so the audience never knows, “Is this a real story, or is this a person acting? Does this really happen in Canada?” [There was a scene where] and we ran behind [Natalie] like we were a camera crew.
TM: This film is obviously so based on character and Natalie’s experience. Do you think approaching things with that documentary mentality, did that help you capture small character moments?
RR: Yes, absolutely. I think that was key in telling the story. For me, the actors were never acting, they were always in that state. I encouraged them to be that way for as long as we were filming. I think they really took that to heart. They really lived their characters, and that was so rewarding for the camera because the camera picked up every little twitch of the cheek and movement of the eyebrow. I think that really lent to the authenticity. I even told Ryan (Steven Love), I want you to not talk too much to the women and I want them to hate you by the end of the film. So it’s really beyond method acting, it’s really living and being that character for that period of time.
TM: Having someone capable in the lead is obviously very important, because you need someone who is able to deliver that authenticity. How important was it having Stone in that role?
RR: Oh my god, she was literally the crux of the film. She was everything. I know she did so much research. I think she really carries the film on her shoulders. That’s why I had to choose such a strong actor like Martha to offset Julia’s stunning performance. I got so lucky in getting such great actors. God knows what I would have done if Julia wouldn’t have been able to deliver, because the film is totally based on every nuance of her face.
TM: Why would you recommend people check out the film?
RR: I think human trafficking in Ontario is not talked about enough. I think people watching this film will find a way into thinking about it. It’s not a news item. It’s more of a story of a girl who has been through the sex trade and has been bartered like a piece of furniture. I think we need to give these girls a voice. Since documentaries on these subjects can’t be made because it brings a lot of danger to their lives, these sort of films based on social issues is what opens up peoples’ minds to these sorts of issues. That’s why I think this film is crucial for people to watch if we have to tackle things like human trafficking in Ontario.
Honey Bee opened in select theatres on Sept. 20 and will be available on Video on Demand on Dec. 10.
Director Rob Grant on the tension (and dark comedy) of HARPOON
Adrift on the seas on a luxury yacht, three friends find themselves stranded without food or supplies and quickly realize their survival is less than assured. An official selection at International Film Festival Rotterdam 2019, Harpoon made its Canadian premiere at the Calgary Underground Film Festival (CUFF) April 28. The film will release on VOD in Canada on October 15.
The Mutt spoke with director Rob Grant prior to the film’s screening at CUFF 2019. This interview has been edited and condensed for length.
THE MUTT: Can you tell me a bit about the genesis of Harpoon?
ROB GRANT: I had a great relationship with my producers (Knuckleball director Michael Peterson and Kurtis Harder) from a film called Fake Blood. I pitched Mr. Peterson on this idea that was a mix between Polanski’s Knife on the Water but by way of Seinfeld characters on the boat. I grew up in Vancouver, and the original idea was, “Well, I spent a lot of time on a boat, we could go take a boat out to the ocean and try to isolate ourselves out there.” Once a budget came into play and the idea grew, suddenly we were shooting the interiors of the boat in a set in the middle of freezing winter in Calgary, and shooting the exteriors on a boat in tropical Belize down south.
TM: Was it difficult for you to balance those comedic elements and still find a way to ratchet up the tension?
RG: It was very difficult, and there were a lot of discussions about that. When you have to give the elevator pitch, you have to say: “This is the genre and this is what it means.” But I subscribe to the logic that in life you can feel in one moment that you’re in a love story and the next minute in a horror movie, and that’s the way real life actually works. But it seems a little more rigid in movies. We were aware of potentially disrupting viewers’ experiences of watching the movie. (We thought) a movie could, or should, be multiple things at once. We’re willing to accept that there’s going to be some audience members that are going to reject that as a movie experience, but we wanted to try it.
TM: Can you tell me more about those influences you mentioned? I’m curious about how you mixed something like Seinfeld with more traditional thriller elements.
RG: Hitchcock’s Lifeboat was definitely in there, as well as Polanski’s Knife in the Water. But I had to still find the dark humour in it, and Seinfeld came up specifically because as much as we all find the Seinfeld characters enduring, they’re very much in it for themselves. They’re worried about their own outcomes. So I tried to use a lot of that. As much as these people like to say they’re looking out for each other, the second it becomes a survival story they’re all kind of in it for themselves. Paul Thomas Anderson’s Magnolia was another one, not only for mixing drama and humour, but definitely because the narration was less focused. It sets up what’s going to happen without speaking to much on the nose about what you’re about to see.
TM: I understand there’s some great gore and effects in Harpoon. What was your approach to that, and what effect do you think that has?
RG: I’ve explored the effects of violence in cinema with Fake Blood, and this was an extension of that. The entire movie, these people speak very casually and aloof about the things that potentially will need to be done without actually considering what that entails until suddenly when it happens. I felt like it would be a good idea to make sure that was extremely violent and horrible, not only because we’ve been teasing up to this moment, but I do believe there’s a certain element that people do not consider the actual realities of having to do something like that. So it’s very shocking, very brutal, it’s like, “ha ha ha this was all funny to discuss” and now that it’s happened it sucks the wind out of you. That was a very intentional decision.
TM: What do you think Harpoon does in a unique way when compared to other similar films? What do you hope the audience walks away with?
RG: I hope when people leave the cinema that it wasn’t the movie they were expecting, that it was a little bit of a different take. I do think it’ll challenge them depending what their expectations are. I just hope they’re expecting something interesting in the genre, and that they’re along for the ride.
Harpoon will be released on VOD in Canada on October 15.
There Are No Fakes is a shocking journey into the world of art fraud
Some of the best documentaries of the past two decades involve hard left turns – films that begin in one direction but end in another due to events that unfolded during production. There Are No Fakes, directed by Jamie Kastner, joins that select company of documentary as its comedic opening slowly morphs into something much darker.
There Are No Fakes centers on the work of Norval Morrisseau, the Indigenous Canadian artist of the Bingwi Neyaashi Anishinaabek First Nation, sometimes referred to as the “Picasso of the North”. Morrisseau, who died in 2007, sought to remove forgeries of his art from the marketplace, establishing the Norval Morrisseau Heritage Society in 2005.
After Kevin Hearn (of Barenaked Ladies fame) buys one of Morrisseau’s paintings, he starts to doubt its authenticity and discovers a bizarre feud consolidated around Morrisseau. It’s this conflict, and the dark secrets hidden beneath it, that form the backdrop of There Are No Fakes.
Kastner (The Secret Disco Revolution, Free Trade Is Killing My Mother), who was friends with Hearn in high school, learned through conversation about Hearn’s ongoing lawsuit surrounding the Morrisseau paintings. It became clear to Kastner that such a story would be perfect for his next project.
“It was almost unbelievable. There was so much crazy stuff in this story, I couldn’t quite believe it,” Kastner said. “I told him if I was going to proceed with it, though we were friends he would have no editorial control. As a journalist, I would be talking to both sides, and he agreed.
“I went off on my own doing my own kind of digging and research. Lo and behold, everything he told me and then some turned out to be the case.”
As the story unfolded and as Kastner continued to meet a succession of larger-than-life characters, he found himself shocked at what he uncovered. Bringing footage back to his editor provoked a similar reaction.
“He’d say, ‘Holy f***!’ Then I’d do another one, and he’s quite an even-keeled guy, and he’d say ‘holy f***,’” Kastner said. “So it was a series of ‘holy f***’ moments. I tried to recreate that experience for the audience.”
Documentaries can often unfold much as expected, with a known story dictating the outcome of the production. But given the fluid situation surrounding the events of There Are No Fakes, Kastner followed the story as it led him, knowing he had been handed an incredible gift.
“It’s definitely a privilege and a responsibility (to tell this story). You’re dealing with the legacy of one of our most important artists,” he said. “You wind up dealing with very serious issues of abuse of different kinds, so I felt a real responsibility.
“You have to handle it very carefully as a documentary filmmaker. It really is so unique and unusual and special and horrific and inspiring and a whole range of things that you don’t usually get in one film.”
There Are No Fakes made its world premiere at Hot Docs 2019, receiving highly positive reviews. Kastner said the film provided fascinating insight into the legacy of Morrisseau, touching on multiple problems still at play in Canada.
“It’s a very dramatic story. People can’t believe that they’re real people. They seem like characters out of some HBO series or something,” Kastner said. “I think it’s a very entertaining, edge of your seat, jaw-dropping type of story that happens to be a documentary.”
There Are No Fakes will screen at multiple locations throughout Canada in July 2019. For more information, click here.
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